Do UFOs have anything to do with crop circles?
After more than a decade of close observation, there is still no concrete
evidence that crop circles are related to UFO sightings. The crop circle
phenomenon has many intriguing facets that many people would like to attribute
to nonhuman intelligence--including discoveries of cellular changes in
the plants, possible radiation fluctuations in soil samples, and unusual
geometric relationships. These effects are exciting, but they do not constitute
proof of UFO activity.
Current theories on what causes the circles include unusual whirlwinds,
electromagnetic fields, microwave energy, earth energies connected with
Stonehenge, and hoaxes. Some believe that the complex shapes of many circles
indicate a hoax, but the facts in each case are not so clear-cut. Crop
circles are a fascinating mystery. Continued scientific study will undoubtedly
shed light on this enigma.
For more information, see Michael
Chorost's crop circle bibliography.
Are UFOs responsible for cattle mutilations?
Controversy continues regarding the alleged connection between UFOs and
the apparent mutilation of cattle. Some researchers argue that unusual
circumstances surrounding the death of some cattle indicate UFO involvement.
They cite reports that tell of strange lights or aircraft near fields where
mutilated cattle are later found. Physical evidence found on the dead cattle,
such as puncture wounds, missing body parts, and the lack of blood, suggests
to them that someone has deliberately and skillfully killed these animals
for some unknown purpose; although genetic experimentation is a popular
theory. Other researchers, including ufologists, are skeptical about the
UFO/cattle mutilation theory, citing evidence that indicates natural causes,
such as disease and animal predators, can explain these seemingly mysterious
cattle deaths. Here again, a more systematic study and more credible evidence
is necessary before a connection between UFOs and cattle mutilations can
Who are the Men in Black?
The Men in Black are said to be humanlike creatures who threaten and intimidate
UFO witnesses or researchers. Their physical features and behavior are
described as odd. Their mannerisms and speech tend to be stiff and formal--somewhat
robotic and comical but nevertheless menacing. Theories about who the Men
in Black are include government agents or alien androids. One popular theory
is that they are hallucinations experienced by people who may have had
a traumatic UFO experience. Others say they are outright hoaxes.
What are the mysterious black helicopters?
The mysterious black helicopters, like the Men in Black, are said to
intimidate UFO witnesses. They are seen flying low over witnesses' homes
or cars, but never as landing. Some think they are military surveillance
helicopters, while others believe they are UFOs disguised as helicopters.
It might be that a witness traumatized by a UFO experience confuses normal
helicopter traffic with his or her own UFO sighting--a connection based
more on paranoia than on concrete evidence.
Do UFOs cause the mysterious disappearance of people, airplanes, and ships
in the Bermuda Triangle?
into the Bermuda Triangle shows there have been no more disappearances
there (taking into account the large amount of air and sea traffic in the
area) than in any other part of the world's oceans. In general, most disappearances
have conventional explanations unrelated to UFOs or other paranormal phenomena.
Although there are some disappearances of aircraft that some researchers
believe may be connected to UFOs, such as the disappearance in 1945 of
five Avenger bombers off the east coast of Florida while on a routine training
mission, no UFO connection has ever been proven. The Bermuda Triangle theory
is based more on imagination than on concrete evidence.
There is one case, however, involving the disappearance of a pilot and
his airplane, that does involve a UFO. In 1978, off the coast of Australia
half a world away from the Bermuda Triangle, a young pilot, Fred Valentich,
reported that a UFO was following his small plane. Suddenly, radio contact
with Valentich ceased, and the young pilot was never heard from again.
Neither Valentich nor his plane were ever found, despite an intensive air
and sea search. Although there is no positive evidence to prove that a
UFO caused Valentich's disappearance, the theory persists.
Did ancient astronauts have anything to do with the beginnings of human
Most ancient cultures have myths and legends that tell about godlike beings
who came down to earth and helped mankind develop a sophisticated, technological
civilization. Most scholars consider these only stories and explain that
human beings had the intelligence and skills necessary to develop the mathematics,
science, and architectural knowledge needed to create monuments like the
pyramids and Stonehenge.
Did they build ancient monuments like the pyramids and Stonehenge?
Are movies about UFOs and aliens like Close Encounters of the Third
Kind and E.T. true?
Movies about UFOs and aliens, like most other movies are fictional--the
product of the fertile imaginations of writers, directors, and special
effects artists and technicians. However, some situations and elements
found in these films have some basis in genuine UFO experiences. (The Center
for UFO Studies served as a consultant to Steven Spielberg on Close
Encounters of the Third Kind, so many of the UFO events in that movie
are based on real cases.) Although these movies show what an actual UFO
experience may be like, never forget that many parts of these films are
pure imagination and do not represent actual events.
Besides Close Encounters and E.T., our favorite UFO and
alien movies include The Day the Earth Stood Still, The Thing (both
versions), Invaders from Mars (the original version), Invasion
of the Body Snatchers (both versions), Alien, and Aliens.
The X-Files is our favorite TV series.
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