Archived Pages from 20th Century!!
is 1903, the young Albert Einstein has been given a provisional appointment
as Technical Expert, third class, at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. He
is unknown but apparently quite happy since he is free to pursue his own
work when he is not occupied at the Patent Office. He can discuss his ideas
with his equally unknown friends, Conrad Habicht and Maurice Solovine.
They meet at the self-constituted Olympia Academy to discuss philosophy
and new developments in physics.
"It's nothing short of a miracle that the modern methods of instruction have not yet entirely strangled youthful curiosity, for this delicate plant, aside from stimulation, stands mainly in need of freedom."
Homage to Einstein
To publish The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein
AIP Center for History of Physics
quotes and more
From a TV series
A better list of Einstein links than this one!
|Einstein had a visit from his old friend Besso. It
was 1905 and by now Einstein was convinced that light must go at the same
speed no matter how it was measured. But how could that be? While walking
in the mountains Einstein started to explain the problem to Besso. Before
he had finished he realised the answer and so special relativity was born.
It was just one of the great discoveries made by Einstein in his miracle
"You see, a wire telegraph is kind of a very, very long cat. You pull his tail in New York and his head is meowing in Los Angeles. Do you understand this? And a radio operates exactly the same way: you send signals here, they receive them there. The only difference is that there is no cat."
Relativity Questions and Explanations
usenet newsgroup for discussions about relativity
The official FAQ answers for the newsgroup
Tutorial for Trekies by Jason Hinson
Ted Bunn answers some Frequently Asked Questions on Black-Holes
Thousands of astronomy and physics questions answered
Great video clips
Relativistic ray traced images
Extensive introduction to the theory of special relativity
constant acceleration in special relativity
explained by Wayne Throop
SR Lecture notes from the university of Oregon
Students on-line tutorial in general relativity
Amusing mathematical tutorial
by Rob Salgado
Edward Wright's tutorials on relativity and cosmology
Relativity was not to be accepted quickly by all. Even today there are
sceptics who claim it must simply be wrong. Others seek radical ways to
go beyond. Relativity has passed all experimental tests while many rivals
have failed. Yet general relativity predicts its own inevitable downfall
at the centre of black holes well beyond the reach of experiment. Ultimately
it must be superseded by a better theory. Could someone outside the established
scientific circles make the next breakthrough as Einstein did?
"Imagination is more important than knowledge"
New and Alternative Theories
One man's fight against the relativity establishment
Was Einstein right to cast out the Ether?
A Lorentz invariant Ether (ingenious)
There are no black holes, and more
Einstein was so dumb not to spot these
What does it mean to us?
Inquiring minds want to know
Guess who that would be
Erk has an excellent archive of Relativity papers as well as his own ideas
Picking up where special relativity left off, they say.
There will be an absolute time in quantum gravity
More general than general relativity
|In 1916, soon after Einstein had completed the general
theory of relativity, Arthur Stanley Eddington had just ended his talk:
Colleague: "Professor Eddington, you must be one of only three persons in the world who understand relativity!"Relativity has always had the reputation of being difficult but modern education has adapted. Any bright high school student who has understood the chain rule of partial derivatives is ready to learn about the effects of curved space-time. In time she can reach the leading edge of research in cosmology and quantum gravity which remains a great challenge for great minds.
Research in General Relativity and Cosmology
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology e-print archive
Astrophysics e-print archive
A mail list for the research community
The newsletter of the Topical Group in Gravitation of the American Physical Society
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory
More about Quantum gravity than you can handle
In the last years of his life Einstein was seeking the Holy Grail of physics.
His dream was a unified field theory encompassing gravity and electromagnetism.
He was too early to succeed. Now we understand that such a theory would
have to include the nuclear forces which were barely known at that time.
As we approach the end of the century which began with Einstein we may
be at last seeing his dream come true. The theory which leads this hope
is superstring theory. Rapid progress since 1994 may have provided some
glimpses of the ultimate answer.
"Finding the underlying laws of physics will be like arriving at the top of the highest mountain in Switzerland. It is a special place from where you can see a long way, but getting there won't mean you have been everywhere. Before you arrive you will be fooled by many false summits. The alpinist knows he must eventually find the true if he has the courage to continue. Can the physicist know as much?"
The latest developments explained by superstring founder John Schwarz
A new breakthrough by Brian Greene
Cambridge University on Quantum Gravity
An essay about the latest developments by Phil Gibbs
by Sunil Mukhi of the Tata Institute
extract from the book by W. Siegel
Great tutorial with some of the latest developments by John Pierre
High Energy Physics e-print archive
proceedings from the yearly string conferences.