Archived Pages from 20th Century!!



Mind Machine Web Museum

 a virtual computer history gallery
 Photo of control console for CDC 6600
First in collection......the original control console
for the first supercomputer, the CDC 6600....date: 1964
manufacturer: Control Data Corporation....serial number: 0002
designer: Seymour Cray....original cost of computer: $6 million
.....link to a great mainframe archive.....



Calculators, computers, and video games are all high-tech tools of the mind. Teachers find students fascinated by early examples and willing to engage in high-tech archaeological searches in their local community. These artifacts, combined with their disks and cartridges, may be disassembled and analyzed, restored and displayed or operated as functioning units--an archaeological challenge that motivates students and gives them a historical perspective about the computer revolution, both its software and hardware.

 Traditional antiques are at least 100 years old, but given the rapid, unprecedented changes in microcomputers, game machines, and calculators, any such product that is 10 or more years old might be considered antique.

 This website is an attempt to create a web museum of many of these amazing artifacts of the twentieth century that I own--or have owned. The following illustrated list includes original prices when known. Some of the photos are of poor quality, but will be improved over the next few months. New items are added to the list periodically, so please bookmark this site and check back.

Note that I am looking for a new home for this collection as a whole, not to
be broken up, so please contact me if you can be of assistance. This collection
should be on display in a public location as befitting its educational value.
A long-term loan is an option only within Northern California.
 
.............contents.............
....computers ....calculators
....computer-related games ....computer-related artifacts



 
....computers
 
1955 GENIAC logic computer kit, 1st model (Berkeley Enterprises,  Inc.) ($20)

1956 Heath Electronic Analog Computer kit (front panel only), (Heath)($945)

1961 MINIVAC 601 tabletop training digital computer (no transistors, 
      uses mechanical relays for switching), (Sci. Develop. Corp.)($85)

1964 EAI analog computer, Model TR-20 (EAI)($10,000)

1971 Compumedic analog computer, (Compumedic)

1972 GRI Minicomputer, Model 99/IIB (GRI)($5000)

1973 Intel Intellec-8 microcomputer, CPU: 8008, (Intel) ($2398)

1974 Intel Intellec-4-40 microcomputer, CPU: 4040, (Intel)($2398)

1974 Scelbi-8H Mini-Computer, CPU: 8008, (Scelbi)(kit: $580)

1974 IMP-16P. microcomputer (front panel only), CPU: IMP-16, (NSC)

1975 HP 3000, Series II, minicomputer (front panel only), (Hewett Packard)

1975 IBM 5100 Portable Computer, CPU: IBM IC module, (IBM) ($20,000)

1975 Altair 8800 microcomputer, CPU: 8080, (MITS) (kit: $439; assembled: $621)

1975 Sphere-1 microcomputer, CPU: 6800, (Sphere)(kit: $860; assembled:$1400)

1976 Altair 680b microcomputer, CPU: 6800, (MITS)(kit: $425; assb: $610)

1976 IMSAI 8080 microcomputer, CPU: 8080A, (IMS Assoc.)($931)

1976 Sol Terminal Computer--20, CPU: 8080A, (Processor Tech)($1850)

c.1976 MST-80 singleboard microcomputer kit, CPU: 8080, (Lawrence Livermore Labs)

1976 SC/MP Development System, singleboard, CPU: SC/MP, (National Semicond.)($499)

1976 Intel 80/10 singleboard microcomputer, CPU: 8080, (Intel)($295)

1976 Commodore KIM-1 microcomputer

1976 Intercept, Jr. singleboard microcomputer, CPU: IM6100, (Intersil)($250)

c.1976 Z-80 Starter Kit singleboard microcomputer, CPU: Z80,
      (SD Systems, Micro Design)($365)

1977 Byt-8 microcomputer (front panel only,, CPU: 8080A, (Byte Inc.)($539)

1977 Byte 8080 microcomputer, CPU: 8080A, (Byte Inc.)($539)

1977 COSMAC VIP singleboard microcomputer, CPU: 1802, (RCA) ($250)

1977 E&L MMD-1 singleboard microcomputer, CPU: 8080,
      with BUG Books, (E&L)($500)

1977 Homebrew one-bit microcomputer, CPU: MC-14500B (Motorola)

1977 Homebrew breadboard microcomputer, CPU: 8080

1977 "Science Fair Digital Computer Kit," Model 28-218 (Radio Shack)

c.1978 Am-2900 Microcomputer (singleboard), CPU: 2901, (AMD)($975?)

c.1978 "Microcomputer-in-a-Suitcase Trainer," CPU: NEC8255, (ICS)

c.1978 IASIS "Computer-in-a-Book," (singleboard), CPU: 8080, (IASIS)  ($530)

c.1978 microcomputer kit, (singleboard), CPU: 8080, (Lawrence Livermore Lab)

1978 SPARK-16 microcomputer w/cassette recorder, CPU: 9440, (Fairchild)

1978 Instructor-50 microcomputer, CPU: 2850 (Signetics)($350)

1978 SYM-1 microcomputer, (singleboard), CPU: 6502, (Synertek)($239)

c.1979 Microcomputer/Terminal (?), Model ESAT-200B, CPU:1802 (ElectroLabs)

1980 Sinclair Z80 microcomputer, CPU: Z80, (Sinclair)($200)

1980 VIC-20 microcomputer w/C2N cassette drive, CPU: 6502, (Commodore)($300)

1981 Osborne Model 1 portable microcomputer, CPU: Z80A, (Osborne)($1795)

1981 Z8 Basic/Micro Computer (single-board), CPU: Z8, (Micro Mint)($195)

1982 Timex Model 1000 microcomputer (Sinclair ZX81 design)($200)

1983 Sharp PC-1500A LCD handheld computer/calculator w/3-color mini printer (Sharp)($200)

1983 TRS-80, Model 100, portable microcomputer, CPU: 80C85, (Tandy)($799)

1983 Sinclair 1500 microcomputer, CPU: Z80A, (Sinclair)($200?)

1984 Workslate laptop computer, CPU Hitachi 6303, with communications
      port, two-color portable printer, software (Convergence)($1600+)

1984 Data General One, Model 2 laptop computer, CPU: 80C88 (Data General)($2500)

1984 Apple IIC microcomputer, CPU: 65C02, (Apple)($1295)

1984 IBM Portable Personal Computer, CPU: 8088, (IBM)($3020)

1984 HP The Portable (HP's first laptop), with 9114 disk drive & 
      2225B ThinkJet printer (HP) ($4250)

1984 Apple IIgs Woz Limited Ed. microcomputer, CPU: 65C816, (Apple)($999)

1984 Macintosh, CPU: 68000, 128k RAM, (Apple)($2495)

1985 4041 System Controller Computer (Tekronix)($6540)

1985 HP-75D Handheld Computer with 82143A printer (HP)($1600)

1986 TPI 863T milspec microcomputer (Mac-Plus design) 
      CPU: 68000, metal cabinet and filters for low EMI (Tempest)($6000)

1986 IBM Convertible (IBM's first laptop) w/printer, (IBM)($2400)

c.1986 Hygrocomputer, Model 1500, (General Eastern)($2000+)
....calculators
1890 Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine  ($300)

c.1900 Britannic calculator No. 2120 (Guy's Calc. Machine)

c.1910 Felt & Tarrant Comptometer

c.1920 "The Calc. Corp.-Michigan," (The Calculator Corporation)

c.1920 Addometer (Reliable Type Co.)

c.1930 Ve-Po-Ad pocket adding machine

c.1938 Addiator Arithma (Germany)

c.1940 Gem Adding Machine

c.1948 Michigan (The Calculator Company)

1950 Monroe LA-5 High-Speed Adding Calculator (Monroe)

1951 Facit NTK calculator (Facit) 

1964 Friden 132 Electronic CRT Calculator (Friden)($1950)

c.1965 Micro-Tally (Technidyne)

c.1965 Speedee Add-A-Matic

c.1966 Friden 1116 Electronic  Calculator, table-top, Nixie-tubes (Friden)

1968 Wang Calculator System ($3800)

c.1969 Olivetti Divisumma-18

c.1970 Swift "Handy Calculator" 7-place mechanical w/probe

c.1972 Bohn Instant TUBE pocket calculator (Bohn Rex-Rotary Co.)

1972 HP-35 LED pocket calculator ( Hewlett-Packard)($395)

c.1972 Litronix Checkmate 1002 pocket LED handheld calc. (Litronix)

1972 Royal Digit III LED pocket calculator (Royal) ($99)

1972 Sanyo ICC-82D LED pocket calculator (Sanyo) ($350)

1972 SR-10 "Electronic Slide Rule" LED pocket calc. (Texas Instruments)($150)

1972 TI-2500 Datamath LED pocket calculator (Texas Instruments)($150)

c.1972 Unknown mfg. LED pocket calculator kit, board label:"GDM CT 5005"

c.1973 Bowmar (?) LED pocket calculator

1973 Bowmar MX50 LED pocket calculator (Bowmar) ($99)

c.1973 Interton VIP-10 LED pocket calculator (Interton)

c.1973 Summit KO8 LED pocket calculator (Summit)

1974 SR-11 Electronic Slide Rule LED pocket calculator (Texas Instruments) ($66)

c.1974 Commodore GL-986R "Rechargable Electronic Calculator" FLUOR 
      pocket calculator (Commodore)

c.1974 Minuteman LED pocket calculator (Commodore) ($74)

1974 Minuteman 6  LED pocket calculator (Commodore) ($30)

1974 Rockwell 20R LED pocket calculator (Rockwell) ($50)

1974 Texas Instruments TI 2550 LED pocket calculator (TI)($100)

1975 Hewlett-Packard 9815A desktop calculator (HP) ($2900)

1975 Texas Instruments SR-51A LED pocket calculator (TI)($110)

c.1975 Casio Root-8 FLUOR pocket calculator (Casio)

c.1975 Novus 750 LED pocket calculator (Nat'l. Semiconductor  Corporation)

c.1975 Novus 835 LED pocket calculator (Nat'l. Semiconductor Corporation)

c.1975 Novus 842 LED pocket calculator (Nat'l. Semiconductor  Corporation)

c.1975 Nixdorf LK-3000 "language computer" LED pocket calculator (Nixdorf)

c.1975 Litronix Scientific 2240 LED pocket calculator (Litronix)

1976 Little Professor LED pocket calculator (Texas Instruments)($17)

c.1976 TI-1600 LED pocket calculator  (Texas Instruments)($25)

1976 TI Programmable 57 LED handheld calc. (Texas Instruments )($75)

1976 TI 5050M mini-desktop calculator with printer display only (Texas Inst.)($95)

c.1977 TI Programmer LED pocket calculator (Texas Inst.)

c.1978 Dataman LED pocket calculator (Texas Instruments)

1983 Sharp PC-1500A LCD handheld computer/calculator w/3-color mini printer (Sharp)($200)
....computer-related games
1949 Tru-Action Electric Football Game (Tudor Metal Products Corp., Brooklyn, NY)

c.1953 Atomotron "First Model Atom Smasher" high-voltage toy (Atomic Labs)

1960 Think-A-Tron "Electronic Q&A Computer" toy 
       with punched cards (Hasbro)

1969 Computer Football (Comp Games Div., Elec. Data Controls) ($30)  

1972 Odyssey [first home video game] (Magnavox)($150)

1973 Marble Computer toy with programmed plastic inserts (Questor)

1975 Video Music (Atari)

1975 Odyssey 100 video game (Magnavox)($60)

1975 Odyssey 200 video game (Magnavox)($80)

1975 TV Tennis toy [mechanical version of Pong game],  (Marx)

1976 Adversary 370 (Natl. Semiconductor)($99)

1976 Ricochet video game (Microelectric Systems)($120)

1976 DIGITEK 2001 (Digitek Electronics)  

1976 Tournament-2000 TV game (Unisonic)($120)

1976 Channel F Video Entertainment Sysem, CPU:F8 (Fairchild)($170)

1976 Super Pong 8000 (Visulex)($168)

1976 Wonder Wizard 7702 (General Home)

1977 COMP IV computer numbers game (Milton Bradley)

1977 APF "M1000 Microprocessor" ($125)

1977 Game Brain, Model C-700 [prototype of VCS model?] (Atari) 

1977 unidentified prototype [alternative VCS model?] (Atari)

1977 Bally Professional Arcade Computer System, CPU: Z80 ($300)

1977 Electronic TV Game 888G (Hanimex)

1977 Sands 2200 game

1977 Studio II Home TV Programmer game/console, CPU: 1802 (RCA)($150)

1977 Telecourt TV game (Hometronics)
 
1977 Telstar Ranger, Model 6046 (Coleco)($50)

1977 Video Pinball C-380 (Atari)($80)

1978 Atari VCS cartridge video game, Model CX2600 (Atari)($200)

1978 Imagination Machine [game/computer w/keyboard, disk & cas.] 
      CPU: 6800 (APF)($599)

1978 HIT AND MISSILE game (Tomy)($20)

1978 BLIP-the Digital Game, [all mechanical] (Tomy)($12)

1978 COMPUTER RAGE board game (Creative Computing)

c.1978 Tomy Computer toy, [all mechanical "computer terminal" w/keyboard]

c.1978 RAMI, The Binary Teacher toy

c.1979  QUIZ WIZ computer answer game, Model 2060(Coleco)($25)

1979 Intellivision cartridge video game (Mattel)($250)

1979 Merlin, The Electronic Wizard (Parker Bros.)($30)

1980 IN THE CHIPS -- SILICON VALLEY board game (Tega)

1980 Pacman ephemeral artifacts

c.1980 Speak and Spell educational game. LED (Texas Instruments)

c.1980 Soccer Game, Model SG/7891

1982 Intel 400-piece jigsaw puzzle of 80286 CPU  

1983 Vectrex vector-scan video game console, with Vectrex cartridges & 
      3-D helmet ($200)

c.1983 Video Technology "Lesson One" educ. game console/keyboard

1988 Video Technology "SOCRATES Ed. Video System, 
     includes IR remote keyboard and Muse System
 ....miscellaneous computer-related artifacts
1935-1980 Vacuum tube, Transistor & IC Parts

1939 Burroughs Typewriters: mechanical & electric

c.1941 Stabilogue EC-2 mechanical analog computer/calculator 
      (Am. Hydromath Corp., New York, NY)

c.1964 "ITC Televiephone" desktop videoconference system
with/telephone handset (Ikegama)

1966 Lockheed mechanical digital timer (USAF)

c.1970 Dektak Inspection/Scriber tester [with microscope for IC Wafers]

1970 Comp-U-Kit 10  (Sci. Measure., Skokie, IL)($57)

1971 Pulsar LED digital watch (Hamilton)($900) and 10 others.

1972 Desk-top IBM card reader, Model D-150 (Documentation, Inc.)

1972 "The Muse" computer random melody music maker/player (Triadex)  ($249)

1973 Pop Electronics Digital Logic Microlab (SWTPC)

c.1974 early homebrew computer keyboard

c.1975 Intel System Interface & Control Module MCB 8-10

c.1976 Processor Technology cassette-tape programs, games, boards etc.

c.1977 PT-210 (TRS-80 series) portable data terminal 
        w/built-in printer & acoustic modem (Radio Shack)

c.1978 Intel keyboard, Model MDS-CRT

c.1978 Pro-Log 80 (tester of 8080 CPUs)

Group photo of 45 artifacts (size: approx. 50k)
 List of artifacts in the 50k photo. 
 
H. Layer Website
museum email:
[email protected] 
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Copyright 1996 H.A.Layer, all rights reserved
Website topics: computer history, antique computers, classic computers, microcomputer history, history of computers, computer collectors, computer museums, antique calculators, mechanical calculators, LED calculators, LED watches, classic video games, home video games, TV games, board games, jigsaw puzzles