The regions of Greece
The Greek peninsula, covering an area of 131,944 square kilometres
and containing a population of about 10,000,000, consists of mainland Greece
(Attica, the Peloponnese, Central Greece, Thessaly, Epirus, Macedonia,
Thrace) and the Islands. Geographically it belongs to Europe since it forms
the most southerly extremity of the Balkan peninsula but it also has a
special link with Europe through the small entity of the Ionian Islands
(Zante, Ithaca, Corfu, Cephallonia, Lefkas and Paxi) which form a chain
off Greece's western shores in the Ionian Sea.
| Hydra | Spetses | Poros
The Saronic Gulf which is the stretch of sea linking the shores
of Attica to those of the Peloponnese, contains a further group of small
islands (Salamis, Aegina, Poros, Hydra and Spetses) which adds its variety
to the general surroundings.
| Kimolos | Kythnos | Mykonos
| Milos | Naxos
| Serifos | Sifnos | Sikinos | Syros
There are the numerous islands of the Aegean Sea, some isolated
like Crete to the South, Ikaria, Chios and Lesbos to the East, Thassos
and Samothraki to the North. The Cyclades consist of 39 islands of which
24 are inhabited, the more important ones being Amorgos, Anafi, Andros,
Antiparos, Delos, Ios, Kea, Kimolos, Folegandros, Milos, Mykonos, Naxos,
Paros, Santorini (also called Thera), Serifos, Sikinos, Sifnos, Syros,
| Kos | Leros
| Megisti | Nisyros
| Pserimos | Rhodos
| Telendos | Tilos
The Dodecanese group consists of twelve major islands, Astipalea,
Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kassos, Kastelorizo, Kos, Lipsos, Leros, Nissiros,
Patmos, Rhodos, Symi and a number of smaller islands, each with its distinctive
features and peculiarities.
The Sporades, consisting of Alonissos, Skiathos, Skopelos and Skyros,
lie of the eastern shores of mainland Greece and retain their genuine island
characteristics and unchanged local traditions.
Kremasta lake, EVRITANIA
Variety is, in fact, the hallmark of the Greek geographical
landscape generally. On the one hand, there are high mountains and entire
mountain ranges such as the Pindos range (also known as Greece's backbone)
or Mount Olympus (with its summit the Pantheon, the highest peak in Greece
at an altitude of 2,917 meters) and the mountains of Macedonia and Thrace
intersected here and there by a few valleys through which relatively small
Nikolaos | Hania
On the other hand, the endless lacework of the coastline produces
a series of scenic surprises. It is these heavily indented shores which
give Greece such rare beauty, quite unique in the Mediterranean. The length
of the Greek coastline is estimated at 15,000 kilometers. The marked variety
of the terrain above water continues under water, along the seabed which,
millions of years ago, formed a projection of the land. Close to Cape Tainaron,
(Tenaro) off the South tip of the Peloponnese, the so-called Oinousai (Inousses)
Pit is 4,850 meters deep which is the deepest point in the Mediterranean.
White water rafting
Ioannina | Konitsa | Metsovo | Zitsa | Parga | Preveza
Vegetation and climate conform with the variations in the geographical
area. The variety of plants is exceptional some 6,000 indigenous species
having so far been recorded, 250 of which flourish on the island of Crete.
It is an impressive figure due to Greece's geographical position between
Europe and Africa.
Plants associated with the joys of life are the country's countless
vineyards. Major vegetation is likewise peculiar and above all made to
man's measures. The trees are of medium height and vary from pine, oak,
fir, olive and mulberry trees to fruit and palm trees.
A beach in Lefkada
Corfu | Paxi | Lefkada
| Cephalonia | Ithaca | Zakynthos
Another result of the country's geographical location is
also seen in its climatic range with mild winters and sub-tropically warm
summers cooled by a system of seasonal breezes popularly called "meltemia".
Lastly, an outstanding feature of the Greek climate is its ample sunshine.
It is no exaggeration to state the sun shines in Greece for 3,000 hours
Thessaloniki | Kavalla
The theatre in EPIDAVROS
Corinth | Loutraki
| Patra | Aegion | Kyllini | Pylos | Kalamata
| Sparta | Nafplion | Tolo |
Thessalia and Sporades Islands
Pelion | Meteora
| Kalambaka | Skiathos | Skopelos | Skyros
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